Examples of results obtained with instrumentation at NeCEN can be found in publications below.


  • Van Os, W.L. et al. Lipid conjugate dissociation analysis improves the in vivo understanding of lipid-based nanomedicine. Journal of Controlled Release, 2024.
  • Gogou, C., Beugelink, J.W., Frias, C.P. et al. Alternative splicing controls teneurin-3 compact dimer formation for neuronal recognition. Nat Comm., 2024.
  • Koornneef, A., Vanshylla, K., Hardenberg, G. et al., CoPoP liposomes displaying stabilized clade C HIV-1 Env elicit tier 2 multiclade neutralization in rabbits. Nat Comm., 2024.
  • Podoliak, E., Lamm, G.H.U., Marin, E. et al, A subgroup of light-driven sodium pumps with an additional Schiff base counterion. Nat. Comm., 2024.
  • Dsouza, L. et al., An integrated approach towards extracting structural characteristics of chlorosomes from a bchQ mutant of Chlorobaculum tepidum. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2024 10.1039/d4cp00221k
  • Pattipeiluhu, R., Zeng, Y., Hendrix, M.M. et al., Liquid crystalline inverted lipid phases encapsulating siRNA enhance lipid nanoparticle mediated transfection. Nat. Comm., 2024. 10.1038/s41467-024-45666-5



  • Landskron L. et al., Posttranslational modification of microtubules by the MATCAP detyrosinase. Science, 2022. 10.1126/science.abn6020

  • Ouyang, R., et al., High-resolution reconstruction of a Jumbo-bacteriophage infecting capsulated bacteria using hyperbranched tail fibers. Nature Communications, 2022.
  • Gros, P. & El Mazouni, D. Cryo-EM structures of peripherin-2 an ROM1 suggest multiple roles in photoreceptor membrane morphogenesis. Science Advances, 2022. DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.add3677
  • Fermin, R. et al., Mesoscopic superconducting memory based on bistable magnetic textures. Physical Review Research, 2022. 10.1103/PhysRevResearch.4.033136
  • Ongenae, V. et al., Genome sequence and characterization of Streptomyces phage Pablito, representing a new species within the genus Janusvirus. Scientific Reports, 2022.
  • Ongenae, V. et al., Reversible bacteriophage resistance by shedding the bacterial cell wall. Open Biology, 2022. 10.1098/rsob.210379
  • Depelteau, J., et al., UVC inactivation of pathogenic samples suitable for cryo-EM analysis. Commun. Biology, 2022. 10.1038/s42003-021-02962-w
  • Xie, Y. et al., Two types of liposomal formulations improve the therapeutic ratio of prednisolone phosphate in a zebrafish model for inflammation. Cells, 2022. 10.3390/cells11040671
  • Meijer, D.H. et al., Teneurin4 dimer structures reveak a calcium-stabilized compact conformation supporting homomeric trans-interactions. The EMBO Journal, 2022.
  • Borsellini, A. et al., Cryogenic electron microscopy structures reveal how ATP and DNA binding in MutS coordinates sequential steps of DNA mismatch repair. Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, 2022.
  • Hurdiss, D.L. et al., Fluoxetine targets on allosteric site in the entovirus 2C AAA+ ATPase and stabilizes a ring-shaped hexameric complex. Science advances, 2022. 10.1126/sciadv.abj7615
  • Semchonok, D.A. et al., Cryo-EM structure of a tetrameric photosystem I from Chroococcidiopsis TS-821, a thermophilic, unicellular, non-heterocyst-forming cyanobacterium. Plant Commun., 2022. 10.1016/j.xplc.2021.100248
  • Fermin, R. et al., Superconducting triplet rim currents in a spin-textured ferromagnetic disk. Nano Lett., 2022. 10.1021/acs.nanolett.1c04051
  • Borsellini, A. et al., MutL binds to 3' resected DNA ends and blocks DNA polymerase access. Nucleic Acid Research, 2022. 


  • Rheinberger, J. et al., Optimized cryo-EM data-acquisition workflow by sample thickness determination. Acta Crystallographica D, 2021.
  • Gambelli, L. et al., The polygonal cell shape and surface protein layer of anaerobic mathane-oxidizing Methylomirabilis Ianthanidiphila bacteria. Front Microbiology, 2021. 10.3389/fmicb.2021.766527
  • Muok, A. et al., Microbial hitchhiking: how Streptomyces spores are transported by motile soil bacteria. ISME Journal, 2021. 10.1038/s41396-021-00952-8
  • Leung, M.R. et al., Membrane remodeling and matrix dispersal intermediates during mammalian arosomal exocytosis. Front Cell Dev. Biology, 2021 10.3389/fcell.2021.765673
  • Leung, M.R. et al., In-cell structyres of conserved supramolecular protein arrays at the mitochondria-cytoskeleton interface in mammalian sperm. PNAS, 2021. 10.1073/pnas.2110996118
  • Leung, M.R. et al., The multi-scale architecture of mammalian sperm flagella and implications for ciliary motility. EMBO Journal, 2021 10.15252/embj.2020107410
  • Noone, D.P. et al., Cryo-electron microscopy and biochemical analysis offer Insights into the effects of acidic pH, such as occur during acidosis, on the complement binding properties of C-reactive protein. Front Immunology, 2021 0.3389/fimmu.2021.757633
  • Gijsbers, A. et al., Mycobacterium tuberculosis ferritin: a suitable workhorse protein for cryo-EM development. Acta Crystallographica D, 2021 10.1107/S2059798321007233
  • Gijsbers, A. et al., Priming mycobacterial ESX-secreted protein B to form a channel-like structure. Current Research in Structural Biology, 2021 10.1016/j.crstbi.2021.06.001
  • Kaplan, M., Chreifi, G., Metskas, L.A., Liedtke, J. et al. In situ imaging of bacterial outer membrane projections and associated protein complexes using electron cryo-tomography. eLife 2021;10:e73099
  • Juraszek, J., Rutten, L., Blokland, S. et al. Stabilizing the closed SARS-CoV-2 spike trimer. Nature Communications 12, 244 (2021).


  • Zhou, X.Q. et al., The self-assembly of a cyclometalated palladium photosensitizer into protein-stabilized nanords triggers drug uptake in vitro and in vivo. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2020. 10.1021/jacs.0c01369
  • Arias-Alpizar, G. et al., Light-triggered switching of liposome surface charge directs delivery of membrane impermeable payloads in vivo. Nat. Commun., 2020. 10.1038/s41467-020-17360-9
  • Muok, A.R., Ortega, D.R., Kurniyati, K. et al. Atypical chemoreceptor arrays accommodate high membrane curvature. Nat Commun 11, 5763 (2020).
  • Muok, A.R. et al. & Briegel A., Engineered chemotaxis core signaling units indicate a constrained kinase-off state. Science Signaling 13, issue 657, 2020.
  • Justen, A.M. et al. & Briegel A., Polysaccharide length affects mycobacterial cell shape and antibiotic susceptibility. Science Advances 6, no. 38,
  • Bąk, K.M. et al., Light-triggered switching of liposome surface charge directs delivery of membrane impermeable payloads in vivo. Nat Commun 11, 3638 (2020).
  • Bąk, K.M. et al., Oxyanion transport across lipid bilayers: direct measurements in large and giant unilamellar vesicles. Chem. Commun., 2020, 56, 4910-4913
  • Zhao, X et al., The Self-Assembly of a Cyclometalated Palladium Photosensitizer into Protein-Stabilized Nanorods Triggers Drug Uptake In Vitro and In Vivo. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2020, 142, 23, 10383–10399
  • Wolff G. et al. & Barcena M. , A molecular pore spans the double membrane of the coronavirus replication organelle. Science
  • Ultee, E. et al. & Briegel A., Teichoic acids anchor distinct cell wall lamellae in an apically growing bacterium. Commun Biol


  • Wolff G, et al. & Barcena M, Mind the gap: Micro-expansion joints drastically decrease the bending of FIB-milled cryo-lamellae. JSB
  • Andres G, Charro D, et al. & Abrescia NGA, The cryo-EM structure of African swine fever virus unravels a unique architecture comprising two icosahedral protein capsids and two lipoprotein membranes. JBC
  • Leidreiter F, Roderer D, et al. & Raunser S, Common architecture of Tc toxins from human and insect pathogenic bacteria. Science Advances
  • Halfon Y, et al. & Yonath A, Structure of Pseudomonas aeruginosa ribosomes from an aminoglycoside-resistant clinical isolate. PNAS (iNEXT financial support)

  • Famelis N, Rivera-Cazalda A, et al. Llorca O & Geibel S, Architecture of the mycobacterial type VII secretion system. Nature

  • Wilson MD, Renault L, et al. & Costa A, Retroviral integration into nucleosomes through DNA looping and sliding along the histone octamer. Nat. Comm.

  • Cerofolini L, et al. & Calderone V, Integrative approaches in structural biology: a more complete picture from the combination of individual techniques. Biomolecules

  • Yang W, et al. & Briegel A, In Situ Conformational Changes of the Escherichia coli Serine Chemoreceptor in Different Signaling States. mBio Asm

  • Sun Z, et al. & de Groot H, A Semisynthetic Peptide−Metalloporphyrin Responsive Matrix for Artificial Photosynthesis. ChemPhotoChem

  • Sharp TH, et al. & Gros P, Insights into IgM-mediated complement activation based on in situ structures of IgM-C1-C4b. PNAS

  • Ivic N, et al. & Halic M, Fuzzy Interactions Form and Shape the Histone Transport Complex. Mol. Cell. (Instruct-ERIC financial support)

  • Brenzinger S, et al. & Briegel A, Structural and Proteomic Changes in Viable but Non-culturable Vibrio cholerae. Front. Microbiol. (Instruct-ERIC financial support)

  • Ferreira JL, et al. & Beeby M, γ-proteobacteria eject their polar flagella under nutrient depletion, retaining flagellar motor relic structures. PLOS Biology

  • Santos-Perez I, et al. & Abrescia NGA, Structural basis for assembly of vertical single β-barrel viruses. Nature Communications


  • Willegems K & Efremov RG, Influence of lipids mimetics on gating of ryanodine receptor. Structure

  • Yang W, et al. & Briegel A, Baseplate variability of Vibrio choleraechemoreceptor arrays. PNAS

  • Cai S, et al. & Gan L, Cryo-ET reveals the macromolecular reorganization of S. pombe mitotic chromosomes in vivo. PNAS

  • Gatsogiannis C, et al. & Raunser S, Tc toxin activation requires unfolding and refolding of a β-propeller. Nature doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0556-6

  • Thomas B, et al. & de Groot HJM, A Molecular Level Approach To Elucidate the Supramolecular Packing of Light‐Harvesting Antenna Systems. Chemistry doi: 10.1002/chem.201802288

  • Stanishneva-Konovalova TB, et al. & Kurochkina LP, Cryo-EM Structure of the Single-Ring Chaperonin from Bacteriophage OBP P. fluorescence. Microscopy and Microanalysis doi:10.1017/S1431927618006700 

  • Jackson VA, et al., & Seiradake E, Structures of teneurin adhesion receptors reveal an ancient fold for cell-cell interaction. Nature Communications doi: 10.1038/s41467-018-03460-0

  • Garcia-Nafria J, et al. & Tate CG, Cryo-EM structure of the serotonin 5-HT1B receptor coupled to heterotrimeric Go. Nature doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0241-9

  • Ugurlar D, et al. & Gros P, Structures of C1-IgG1 provide insights into how danger pattern recognition activates complement. Science doi:10.1126/science.aao4988


  • Abid Ali F, et al. & Costa A, Cryo-EM Structure of a Licensed DNA Replication Origin. Nature Commmunications doi:10.1038/s41467-017-02389-0
  • Bhat JY, et al. & Wendler P & Hayer-Hartl M, Mechanism of Enzyme Repair by the AAA+ chaperone rubisco activase. Mol. Cell. doi:10.1016/j.molcel.2017.07.004 (iNEXT financial support)
  • Mosalaganti S, et al. & Musacchio A, Structure of the RZZ Complex and Molecular Basis of its Interaction with Spindly. Journal of Cell Biology doi:10.1083/jcb.201611060
  • Hesketh EL, et al. & Ranson NA, The Structures of a Naturally Empty Cowpea Mosaic Virus Particle and its Genome-Containing Counterpart by Cryo-Electron Microscopy. Scientific Reports doi:10.1038/s41598-017-00533-w
  • Clabbers MTB, et al. & Abrahams JP, Protein Structure Determination by Electron Diffraction Using a Single Three-Dimensional Nanocrystal. Acta Crystallographica Section D Biological Crystallography doi:10.1107/S2059798317010348
  • Thomas B, et al. & de Groot HJM, Determination of Controlled Self-Assembly of a Paracrystalline Material by Homology Modelling with Hybrid NMR and TEM. Chemistry doi:10.1002/chem.201701172
  • Sundaramoorthy R, et al. & Owen-Hughes T, Structural Reorganization of the Chromatin Remodeling Enzyme Chd1 Upon Engagement with Nucleosomes. eLIFE doi:10.7554/eLife.22510
  • Franken LE, et al. & Guskov A, A General Mechanism of Ribosome Dimerization Revealed by Single-Particle Cryo-Electron Microscopy. Nature Communications doi:10.1038/s41467-017-00718-x
  • Bilokapic A, Strauss M & Halic M, Histone Octamer rearranges to adapt to DNA Unwrapping. Nature Communications doi:10.1038/s41594-017-0005-5 (Instruct-ERIC support)
  • Arenz S, et al. & Wilson DN, A Combined Cryo-EM and Molecular Dynamics Approach Reveals the Mechanism of ErmBL-mediated Translation Arrest. Nature Communications doi:1038/ncomms12026
  • Zamora M, et al. & Valle M, Potyvirus Virion Structure Shows Conserved Protein Fold and RNA Binding Site in ssRNA Viruses. Science Advances doi:10.1126/sciadv.aao2182

  • Haglin ER, et al. & Thompson LK, His-Tag Mediated Dimerization of Chemoreceptors Leads to Assembly of Functional Nanoarrays. Biochemistry doi:10.1021/acs.biochem.7b00698

  • Afanasyev P, et al. & van Heel M, Single-Particle Cryo-EM Alignment by Classification (ABC): The Structure of Lumbricus terrestris Haemoglobin. IUCrJ doi:10.1107/S2052252517010922

  • Alewijnse B, et al. & Potter CS, Best Practices for Managing Large CryoEM Facilities. Journal of Structural Biology doi:10.1016/j.jsb.2017.07.011

  • Van Bezouwen L, et al. Boekema EJ, Subunit and Chlorophyll Organization of the Plant Photosystem II SupercomplexNature Plants doi:10.1038/nplants.2017.80

  • Thomas B, et al. & de Groot HJM, A Hybrid Solid State NMR and Electron Microscopy Structure Determination Protocol for Engineering Advanced Para-crystalline Optical Materials. Chemistry  doi:10.1002/chem.201700324


  • Iacovache I, et al., Cryo-EM Structure of Aerolysin Variants Reveals a Novel Protein Fold and the Pore-Formation Process. Nature Communications doi:10.1038/ncomms12062

  • Arenz S, et al., A Combined Cryo-EM and Molecular Dynamics Approach Reveals the Mechanism of ErmBL-Mediated Translation Arrest. Nature Communications doi:10.1038/ncomms12026 

  • Sobti M, et al., Cryo-EM Structures of the Autoinhibited E. coli ATP Synthase in Three Rotational States. eLIFE doi:10.7554/eLife.21598

  • Coureux PD, et al.Cryo-EM Study of Start Codon Selection During Archaeal Translation Initiation. Nature Communications doi:10.1038/ncomms13366

  • Sharp TH, et al.Imaging Complement by Phase-Plate Cryo-Electron Tomography from Initiation to Pore Formation. Journal of Structural Biology doi:10.1016/j.jsb.2016.09.008

  • Vazquez-Fernandez E, et al.The Structural Architecture of an Infectious Mammalian Prion using Electron Cryomicroscopy. PLOS Pathogens doi:10.1371/journal.ppat.1005835

  • Van Heel M, et al., Multivariate Statistical Analysis of Large Datasets: Single Particle Electron MicroscopyOpen Journal of Statistics doi:10.4236/ojs.2016.64059

  • Iacovache I, et al.Cryo-EM Structure of Aerolysin Variants Reveals a novel Protein Fold and the Pore-Formation Process. Nature Communications doi:10.1038/ncomms12062

  • Larburu N, et al., Structure of a Human Pre-40S Particle Points to a Role for RACK1 in the Final Steps of 18S rRNA Processing. Nucleic Acids Research doi:10.1093/nar/gkw714

  • Shishovs M, et al.Structure of AP205 Coat Protein Reveals Circular Permutation in ssRNA Bacteriophages. Journal of Molecular Biology doi:10.1016/j.jmb.2016.08.025 

  • Koning R, et al.Asymmetric Cryo-EM Reconstruction of Phage MS2 Reveals Genome Structure in situNature Communications doi:10.1038/ncomms12524

  • Stuart D, et al.The Democratization of Cryo-EM. Nature Methods doi:10.1038/nmeth.3946

  • Shakeel S, et al.Multiple Capsid-Stabilizing Interactions Revealed in a High-Resolution Structure of an Emerging Picornavirus Causing Neonatal Sepsis. Nature Communications doi:10.1038/ncomms11387

  • Von der Ecken J, et al.Cryo-EM Structure of a Human Cytoplasmic Actomyosin Complex at Near-Atomic Resolution. Nature doi:10.1038/nature18295

  • Celler K, et al.Cross-Membranes Orchestrate Compartmentalization and Morphogenesis in Streptomyces. Nature Communications doi:10.1038/ncomms11836

  • Arenz S, et al.Structures of the Orthosomycin Antibiotics Avilamycin and Evernimicin in Complex with the Bacterial 70S Ribosome. PNAS doi:10.1073/pnas.1604790113

  • Yewdall NA, et al.Structures of Human Peroxiredoxin 3 Suggest Self-Chaperoning Assembly that Maintains Catalytic State. Structure doi:10.1016/j.str.2016.04.013

  • Sharp TH, et al.Heterogeneous MAC Initiator and Pore Structures in a Lipid Bilayer by Phase-Plate Cryo-electron Tomography. Cell Reports doi:10.1016/j.celrep.2016.03.002


  • Beckert B, et al.Translational Arrest by a Prokaryotic Signal Recognition Particle is Mediated by RNA Interactions. Nature Structural and Molecular Biology doi:10.1038/nsmb.3086

  • Diebolder CA, et al.Cryoelectron Tomography of the NAIP5/NLRC4 Inflammasome: Implications for NLR Activation. Structure doi:10.1016/j.str.2015.10.001

  • Efremov RG, et al.Architecture and Conformational Switch Mechanism of the Ryanodine Receptor. Nature doi:10.1038/nature13916

  • Von der Ecken J, et al.Structure of the F-Actin-Tropomyosin Complex. Nature doi:10.1038/nature14033

  • Afanasyev P, et al.A posteriori Correction of Camera Characteristics from Large Image Data Sets. Scientific Reports doi:10.1038/srep10317

  • Maskell DP, et al.Structural Basis for Retroviral Integration into Nucleosomes. Nature doi:10.1038/nature14495

  • Sohmen D, et al.Structure of the Bacillus subtilis 70S Ribosome Reveals the Basis for Species-Specific Stalling. Nature Communications doi:10.1038/ncomms7941

  • Arenz S, et al.Cryo-EM Structure of the Tetracycline Resistance Protein TetM in Complex with a Translating Ribosome at 3.9Å Resolution. PNAS doi:10.1073/pnas.1501775112


  • Voortman LM, et al.Quantifying Resolution Limiting Factors in Subtomogram Averaged Cryo-Electron Tomography Using Simulations. Journal of Structural Biology doi:10.1016/j.jsb.2014.06.007

  • Diebolder CA, et al.Complement is Activated by IgG Hexamers Assembled at the Cell Surface. Science doi:10.1126/science.1248943

  • Bischoff L, et al.Molecular Basis for the Ribosome Functioning as an L-Tryptophan Sensor. Cell Reports doi:10.1016/j.celrep.2014.09.011

  • Arenz S, et al.Drug Sensing by the Ribosome Induces Translational Arrest via Active Site Perturbation. Molecular Cell doi:10.1016/j.molcel.2014.09.014


  • Nederlof I, et al.Imaging Protein Three-Dimensional Nanocrystals with Cryo-EM. Acta Crystallographica Section D Biological Crystallography doi:10.1107/S0907444913002734

  • Vulovic M, et al.Image Formation Modeling in Cryo-Electron Microscopy. Journal of Structural Biology doi:10.1016/j.jsb.2013.05.008